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Thiện Sinh Sutra Chanting

Pháp Nhãn Temple

Thiện Sinh Sutra Chanting

Namo Tassa Bhagavato Arahato Samma SamBuddhassa

(Repeat x 3, Bell)

Respectfully pay homage to the Buddha: the World-Honored One, the Worthy One, the Exalted One, the Fully Awakened or Enlightened One. (Bell)

Incense Offering

As wonderful as the lotus flower,

as bright as the northern star,

let us come back and take refuge in

the Master of gods and human beings.

The precious lotus blossoms on the enlightened pedestal

the halo shines in all directions.

Wisdom goes beyond the dharma realms,

Loving-kindness and compassion permeate all over mountains and rivers.

I have just seen the Buddha’s perfect countenance,

My wholeheartedly sincere heart is to respectfully offer him,

I forward it to praise the Triple Gem

Diligence in the Dharma path is well cultivated.

As the incense is lit,

sandalwood perfumes the air,

making an auspicious rainbow cloud.

I, your disciple, with all my respect

offer it to the Buddhas of the Ten Directions.

May we practice the precepts seriously at all times

May we practice concentration diligently,

May we offer the precious fruit of insight as our offering of incense of the heart.

We would like to respectfully offer the incense of ethics, concentration, wisdom, deliverance, and that of deliverance with right view to the Buddha, Bodhisattvas, virtuous and noble Sangha, Dharma guardians, good gods, knowing and understanding our wholehearted minds. (Bell)

Touching the earth in deep gratitude to the Triple Gem

Praising the Buddha Jewel

The Buddha Jewel shines infinitely.

He has realized perfect understanding for countless lifetimes.

The beauty and stability of a Buddha sitting

can be in the mountains and rivers.

How splendid the Vulture Peak is!

How beautiful the light that shines forth from the Buddha’s third eye,

Illuminate the six dark paths.

The Nagapushpa[1] Assembly will be our next appointment

for the continuation of the true teachings of practices.

We take refuge in the Buddha ever-present.

We, your disciples, wholeheartedly pay homage to the Buddha forever present in the three lifetimes and ten directions.

(Bell, one prostration)

Praising the Dharma Jewel

The Dharma Jewel is infinitely lovely.

It is the precious words spoken by the Buddha himself,

like fragrant flowers floating down from the heavens.

The wonderful Dharma is plain to see.

It is recorded luminously in the three transparent baskets

handed down from generation to generation in the Ten Directions

so that today we can see our way.

We vow to study it with all our hearts.

We take refuge in the Dharma ever-present.

We, your disciples, wholeheartedly pay homage to the Dharma forever present in the three lifetimes and ten directions.

(Bell, one prostration)

Praising the Sangha Jewel

The Sangha Jewel is infinitely precious,

a field of merit where good seeds can be sown.

The three robes and the bowl are symbols of freedom.

Mindfulness trainings,

concentration, and insight support each other.

The Sangha dwells in mindfulness day and night,

providing the foundation for us to realize the fruit of meditation.

With one heart, we come home to the Sangha,

and take refuge in the Sangha ever-present. 

We, your disciples, wholeheartedly pay homage to the Sangha forever present in the three lifetimes and ten directions.

(Bell, one prostration)

(Meditation practice around 15 minutes)

Open Verse

The Dharma is deep and lovely,

we now have a chance to see,

study, and to practice,

we vow to realize its true meaning. (Bell)


Thus have I heard. Once the Buddha was living at the Bamboo Forest Monastery, along with one thousand two hundred and fifty Monastics, put on yellow robes, carried alms bowls, and entered the Rājagaha City to collect alms. When they saw a young man Thiện Sinh,[1] a householder’s son, every morning, obeying his father’s teachings, taking a shower, dressing neatly, putting his hands together to prostrate to the East, the West, the South, the North, the Zenith, and the Nadir, the Buddha taught the young man thoughtfully about the meanings of the prostration to the six following directions:   

  1. The Eastern direction represents

Parents and Children

I. Children’s duties

Listen, Thiện Sinh, to parents, children have the five duties: 1/ Providing necessarily material and spiritual needs for their parents. 2/ Helping parents to do the hard tasks. 3/ Protecting kinship dignity and family tradition. 4/ Maintaining inheritable property. 5/ Having the responsibility to look after funerals in accordance with the right Dharma when parents pass away.

II. Parents’ duties

To children, parents also have the five duties: 1/ Teaching their children to do good, not to do evil. 2/ Advising them to be close with wholesome teachers, good friends, and good environments. 3/ Suggesting and choosing proper jobs for children. 4/ Building good husband and wife for them. 5/ Entrusting the inherited possessions and benefits to them in the proper and allotted time.  

The prostration to the eastern direction I in accordance with the Buddha’s teachings means children have their filial duties to support their parents and parents have the responsibility to bring up and educate their children to become talented and virtuous people. (O)

  1. The Western direction represents wife and husband

III. Wife’s duties

Listen, Thiện Sinh, to the husband, whose wife has the five duties: 1/ Taking care of neat and tidy housework. 2/ Cordially welcoming friends and relatives of her husband’s family side. 3/ Being faithful to her husband. 4/ Maintaining wealth and properties both she and her husband earned. 5/ Doing the domestic chores skillfully and quickly.

IV. Husband’s duties

To the wife, whose husband also has the five duties: 1/ Loving his wife. 2/ Learning the way to listen and say loving speech with her. 3/ Having trust in her. 4/ Knowing to buy birthday gifts for her. 5/ Entrusting power and providing the necessary things for her.

The prostration to the western direction in accordance with the Buddha’s teachings means the husband and his wife, who live faithfully, know concessions, and have each other’s confidence to build happiness and warmness for their family. (O)  

  1. The Southern direction represents

students and teachers

V. The Students’ duties

Listen, Thiện Sinh, to the teachers, students have the five duties: 1/ Being respectful, polite, and willing to help the teachers to do the necessary things. 2/ Knowing to obey the teachers’ teachings. 3/ Knowing to listen and learn about the good things from the teachers. 4/ Having to have the spirit of eagerly learning something to be unknown with the teachers. 5/ Knowing to practice, apply and create something to have been learned.

VI. The Teachers’ duties

To the students, the teachers also have the five duties: 1/ Teaching their students right view, right thought, right speech, right action, right livelihood, right effort, right mindfulness, right concentration. 2/ Guiding students to pedagogical methods. 3/ Do not hide knowledge, and wholeheartedly transmitting knowledge and life experience to students. 4/ Transmitting bodily teachings, verbal teachings, and mental teachings to students. 5/ Expecting students to become talented and virtuous people and be better than teachers.

The prostration to the southern direction in accordance with the Buddha’s teachings means both teachers and students are virtuous and exemplary people knowing to transmit, connect, and apply Dharma knowledge as well as secular knowledge into their daily lives to benefit the many right in the present life. (O)

  1. The Northern direction represents our duties

to relatives and friends

VII. Our duties to relatives

Listen, Thiện Sinh, to our relatives, we have the five duties: 1/ Advising relatives to do good. 2/ Encouraging them to keep far away from evil. 3/ Using the method of watering flowers to praise them. 4/ Visiting them when they get sick. 5/ Wholeheartedly helping them when they meet difficult and needy circumstances.

VIII. Our duties to friends

To friends, we also have the five duties: 1/ Helping our friends when meeting the difficulty. 2/ Do not leave friends when they are in misfortune. 3/ Playing with good friends who can help us succeed easily in life. 4/ Advising them to stop and let go of the unwholesome things. 5/ Communicating with friends in the spirit of dialogue, idea contribution, suggestion, joy, sympathy, and equality.

The prostration to the northern direction in accordance with the Buddha’s teachings means expressing your tolerant, close, lovely, and understanding heart with our relatives and friends. (O) 

  1. The Zenith represents lay devotees and monastics

IX Lay devotees’ duties

Listen, Thiện Sinh, to monastics, lay devotees have the five duties: 1/ Choosing the Triple Gem as the most stably spiritual refuge for their lives. 2/ Learning, understanding, practicing and applying the Five Ethical Trainings into daily life. 3/ Skillfully expressing their good hearts to create merit, make offerings, and support the Three Jewels. 4/ Do not idolize any personal monk or nun but consider all talented and virtuous monastics as your own Masters. 5/ Knowing how to observe and select which teachings after bringing out to apply and practice those teachings appropriate to the teachings of cause and effect and to the many right in the present life, you should practice them, and vice versa, you should keep far away from them.       

X. Monastics’ duties

To lay devotees, monastics have the five duties: 1/ Instructing the Five Ethical Trainings and the Noble Eightfold Path for lay devotees. 2/ Instructing Dharma Learning and Dharma Practice; Dharma Learning includes Virtue, Concentration, and Wisdom; Dharma Practice includes Samatha Meditation and Vipassana Meditation. 3/ Instructing lay devotees to express their hearts joyfully before making offerings, joyfully during making offerings, and joyfully after making offerings. 4/ Instructing lay devotees to hold the right and stable confidences in the Three Jewels. 5/ Instructing lay devotees to learn the ways of practicing recollection of gratitude to the Buddha, the Dharma, and to the Sangha.

The prostration to the Zenith in accordance with the Buddha’s teachings means both lay devotees and monastics are determined to learn, understand, cultivate, and apply the Buddhadharma into their daily lives to bring the flowers and fruits of peacefulness and happiness for the many right in the present life. The Dharma protection and the Dharma propagation between lay devotees and monastics connect together very closely. (O)

  1. The Nadir represents employees and managers

XI. Employees’ duties

Listen, Thiện Sinh, to managers, employees have the five duties: 1/ Going to work early and punctually. 2/ Having the responsibility to finish employment when assigned. 3/ Doing orderly, methodical, and mindful employment. 4/ Aware to protect general property and not to steal. 5/ Respecting, esteeming, and protecting prestige and dignity for managers.  

XII. Managers’ duties

To employees, managers also have the five duties: 1/ Entrusting appropriative employment with the ability and degree for employees. 2/ Providing employees with salary or food. 3/ Taking care and greeting thoughtfully when employees get sick. 4/ Rewarding, disciplining, and appreciating the excellent and non-excellent achievements for employees. 5/ Giving employees a suitable vacation.  

The Prostration to the Nadir in accordance with the Buddha’s teachings means managers and employees always have mutual duties and responsibilities for both material and spirituality to develop their company well. (O)

The Six Directions were taught above, the Buddha thoughtfully advised young man Thiện Sinh the essential things through the summarized versa as follows:

Parents are the East

Teachers are the South

Wife and husband are the West

Relatives are the North

Employees are the Nadir

Monastics are the Zenith

Exemplary practitioners

Pay prostration to those directions.

When living in happiness

When dying in peacefulness

Wise people cultivating so

Live for themselves and for other people

Always bring benefits

For all people in the world.

On the way of cultivation

Relying on wholesome friends

Learning and following virtuous people

Bringing benefits for living beings.

Living in the world

We know to do good

Advising people to do good

Peace always increases.

True Buddhist people

do something wholesome,

think about something wholesome,

say something wholesome,

their bodies and minds are regularly at peace. (O)

Practitioners go into life

As flowers blossom everywhere

Solemnly and freely

To make life joyful and peaceful.

As bees going to seek flowers

Cling to a flower to suck its nectar

Finish sucking it and flying away,

but the flower remains undamaged.

Diligently protecting the Dharma

Diligently supporting the Sangha

Making offerings to the Worthy One

being the field of the topmost virtue.

The above-mentioned things

Practitioners always accomplish,

their merit and virtue get bigger and bigger

as river water flows down into the ocean. (O)

The six directions above taught by the Buddha are the six ethical and educational relationships interconnecting together very closely between families, schools, and societies, containing the values of humanities, engaged life, cause, effect, duties, and responsibilities so deeply, and helping everyone be aware to live in peace and happiness for oneself and for other people right in the present life. The Buddha’s teachings have many pragmatic and surpassing meanings beyond space and time.

Whether living anywhere, or any country in the world, if all people skillfully apply the Thiện Sinh Sutra in their daily lives in the right place, at the right time, and on the right object, certainly they will bring a lot of the substances of cultivation, peacefulness, and happiness for many people.       

After having listened to the Buddha’s teachings, the young man Thiện Sinh was extremely happy to respectfully pay homage to the Buddha, and spoke out the meaningful, praiseful, reverential, and metaphorical words as follows:

“How wonderful it is, respectfully dear the World-Honored One! How marvelous it is, respectfully dear the Exalted One! The Dharma skillfully proclaimed by the Buddha himself is very practical, present, specific, and clear, has penetrated deeply into my heart, makes my mind softer, gentler, and better. The Buddhadharma has opened my mind suddenly brighten up, as a person who erects upright what is fallen down turns face upward what is overturned, opens out what is closed secretly, reveals what is hidden, shows the way to those who are lost, carries light into the darkness so that those who have eyes can see visible objects in detail, as a person who goes in the dark night meets light, as a blind person, whose eyes get brightened. By many methods of skillfully teaching, the World-Honored One helps me to see everything clearly like daylight.” (O)

May the World-Honored One regard and accept me as the lay devotee. From now until my whole life, I am determined to take refuge in the Buddha, the Dharma, and the Sangha, and committed to cultivating the five Ethical Trainings fully:

1/ Respecting lives, developing loving-kindness and compassion, protecting the natural environment, and nourishing inner peace by being aware not to kill living beings. 2/ Letting go of the stingy and greedy mind, expressing the mind of almsgivings, making offerings, and protecting the Triple Gem by being aware not to take what is not given. 3/ Building happiness for family, living faithfully with a legal spouse by being aware not to do sexual misconduct, adultery, and not to violate kids’ sexuality. 4/ Saying the true, harmonious, and loving speech, bringing mutual trust and prestige by being aware not to tell lies. 5/ Protecting vigorous health, lucid mind, bringing peacefulness and happiness for families, schools, and societies by being aware not to take alcohol, drugs, including smoking, gambling, and playing violent video games online.

When aware to keep far away from these toxins, Dharma learning, Dharma practice, Dharma joy, and Dharma happiness have the ability to permeate and cool my body and mind. When officially becoming the Buddha’s well-trained devotee, the young man Thiện Sinh was extremely happy to hold stable confidence in taking refuge in the Triple Gem, applying, and cultivating the Buddhadharma in his daily life to bring benefits and happiness to living things and living beings all over the planet.  

Namo the Original Master

Sakyamuni Buddhaya.

(3 times, Bell)


I take refuge in the Buddha, the One who shows me the way of loving-kindness, compassion, and wisdom in my lifetime.

Having taken refuge in the Buddha, I clearly see the path of light and beauty in life.

Turning back and taking refuge in the Buddha in myself, I aspire to help all people soon recognize and develop their own enlightened nature.

Namo Buddhaya

Buddhaṃ saraṇaṃ gacchāmi

Dutiyampi buddhaṃ saraṇaṃ gacchāmi.

Tatiyampi buddhaṃ saraṇaṃ  gacchāmi.  (Bell)

I take refuge in the Dharma, the way of practicing peace, joy, happiness, understanding, and love for the many right in the present life.

Having taken refuge in the Dharma, I am learning and practicing the Noble Eightfold Path including ethics, meditation, and wisdom interrelated very closely with right view, right thought, right speech, right action, right livelihood, right effort, right mindfulness, and right concentration.

Turning back and taking refuge in the Dharma in myself, I aspire to help all people fully master the ways of practice and walk together on the path of liberation.

Namo Dharmaya

Dhammaṃ saraṇaṃ gacchāmi.

Dutiyampi dhammaṃ saraṇaṃ gacchāmi.

Tatiyampi dhammaṃ saraṇaṃ gacchāmi. (Bell)

I take refuge in the Sangha, the Community of cultivated people who vow to lead their lives of ethics, harmony, and awareness to themselves and to others right here and right now in the present life.

Having taken refuge in the Sangha, I am enlightened, instructed, and supported by the Sanghabody on the way of practice. 

Turning back and taking refuge in the Sangha in myself, I aspire to help all people build fourfold Communities, to embrace all beings, and support their transformation.

Namo Sanghaya.

Saṅghaṃ saraṇaṃ gacchāmi.

Dutiyampi saṅghaṃ saraṇaṃ gacchāmi.

Tatiyampi saṅghaṃ saraṇaṃ  gacchāmi. (Bell)

Sharing the Merit

Reciting the trainings, practicing the way of awareness gives rise to benefits without limit. We vow to share the fruits with all beings. We vow to offer tribute to parents, teachers, friends, and numerous beings who give guidance and support along the path. May the merit of this practice benefit all beings and bring peace. (Bell) 

Express diligent vows and pay thankful respects

to the Triple Gem

We, disciples of Gotama Buddha, are always aware of ourselves by day and by night, constantly practice and recollect the light of the Buddha

Namo Buddhaya(Bell, one prostration)

We, disciples of Gotama Buddha, are always aware of ourselves by day and by night, constantly practice and recollect the light of the Dharma.

Namo Dharmaya. (Bell, one prostration)

We, disciples of Gotama Buddha, are always aware of ourselves by day and by night, constantly practice and recollect the light of the Sangha

Namo Sanghaya. (Bell, one prostration)

May we be well,

May we be happy

May we be healthy

May we be peaceful

May we be free from suffering, greed, anger, delusion, hatred, violence, and ignorance.

May the Buddha and Bodhisattvas bless and protect all anytime and anywhere.

Sadhu, sadhu, sadhu

Lành thay, lành thay, lành thay

Excellence, excellence, excellence

Well-done, well-done, well-done.

(Bell, Bell, Bell)

[1]  See Dīrghāgama, Part II, Sutra No. 16, and Dīgha Nikaya, Sutra No. 31.

Tụng Kinh Thiện Sinh

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